Mastering the art of time management requires a sharp mind fully dedicated to the ultimate goal.

For online students, that could be graduation or a new career. For full-time workers, it might be a promotion. For military service members, the goal could be protecting this great country. These scenarios place a heavy emphasis on time management skills along the path to success.

Identifying what not to do may help with creating the initial blueprint for an effective time management schedule. Avoid these five examples that could get you in trouble (and instead focus on the positive alternative):

1. Using post-it notes for every task.

This tip is not to suggest post-it notes are ineffective. It's simply meant to suggest avoiding post-it note overload (using the man in the picture above as an example of the chaos too many post-it notes can cause).

How to correct it: Invest in a calendar or task notebook, either online or the old-school pen-and-paper style. Keeping your tasks in a more centralized location will make your reminders for school and work cleaner, neater and more organized. This will lead to a clearer plan of attack for specific assignments, and you'll be much more likely to complete them in a timelier manner.

2. Project jumping.

Jumping back and forth between assignments in short spurts limits productivity. This is not to dissuade you from working on more than one project in a given day. However, working on two or three projects in the same hour, for instance, will not result in your best effort.

How to correct it: Instead, schedule a specific amount of time of the day to solely work on a given assignment. You will limit interruptions, accomplish more and improve your quality of work with this approach.

3. Pulling all-nighters.

Working on a sizeable project in one day or night is one of the more counterproductive ways to spend your time. Just because you have an entire day available doesn't mean you should count on having the entire time to complete assignments. You never know what may come up that day, or where your presence could be unexpectedly required. The quality of your work will show (and it won't be good) for students who pull all-nighters.

How to correct it: Work ahead as much as possible. Focus on completing several smaller tasks in digestible nuggets, instead of the entire project in one swoop.

4. Watching too much TV.

Consider that the average American spends 34 hours per week watching TV, according to Nielsen statistics. It's easy to become distracted by TV and/or video games. It would be unrealistic to eliminate TV from your schedule, but try to limit the amount of TV you watch, especially when assignments are due.

How to correct it: Start slow. Cut the amount of time you watch TV by five minutes per day. It may not seem like much, but that's 35 minutes a week that you could spend on other priorities. If you're working on an assignment or project, it's best to either turn off the TV or work from a place with fewer distractions.

5. Underestimating the importance of sleep.

The amount of sleep you get each night can have a direct impact on your focus the next day for assignments. Don't forget about the importance of sleep!

How to correct it: Set an alarm, if necessary, for a time when you should start getting ready for bed. This will prohibit you from staying up too late and not getting enough sleep.

Check out Grantham University's latest video series below for additional time management techniques:

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